Dialogue 6: Women Defending the Earth: Plunder, Power and Resistance


Intro Div

“Organizing is a way of caring for ourselves. The displacement of indigenous communities by companies and corrupt officials today is just a continuation of the colonization and genocide from decades earlier. But we are winning in small ways slowly every day.” – Guatemalan activist

Mega-projects, mining, oil exploration, and other large-scale resource-extraction have devastating impacts on communities and the environment. Women defenders and activists are out front, leading resistance efforts against these threats, while also creating alternatives that strengthen communities and preserve biodiversity. Don’t miss dialogue #6 as we hear from women at the frontlines about their strategies to organize for a survivable and just future on this planet.

 

Panelists

Activist  (Philippines) 


Jannah (Indonesia)

Norjannah or Jane is a woman activist working at Tanjung Selor, the capital city of North Kalimantan Province. She has been working as a journalist at the local media, Koran Kaltara (Kaltara newspaper) since 2013. As an activist for women and environmental issues, she is currently also part of the Sustainable Forest Circle Association, which is a non-governmental organization, engaged in environmental conservation and empowerment of communities. Its goal is to build an independent society for sustainable and just livelihoods. This association is active in defending community rights, especially rural communities and women, and to encourage the establishment of policies that give the rights of the community to manage its natural resources. Currently, the association is providing assistance in several villages that are directly affected by the extractive industries, both palm oil and mining, in Bulungan, North Kalimantan.

Jannah (Indonesia)

Norjannah atau Jane adalah aktivis perempuan yang berbasis di Tanjung Selor, Ibukota Provinsi Kalimantan Utara. Jane bekerja sebagai wartawan di sebuah media lokal, Koran Kaltara, sejak tahun 2013. Sebagai aktivis perempuan dan lingkungan, Jane merupakan anggota dari Sustainable Forest Circle Association atau Asosiasi Lingkar Hutan Berkelanjutan, sebuah organisasi non-pemerintah yang fokus pada isu konservasi lingkungan dan pemberdayaan komunitas. Tujuan organisasi ini adalah menciptakan masyarakat madani untuk keberlanjutan alam dan penghidupan yang adil. Organisasi ini secara aktif melindungi hak-hak komunitas, khususnya hak-hak perempuan dan masyarakat desa, dan mendorong terciptanya kebijakan yang memberi komunitas terkait hak atas pengelolaan sumber daya mereka sendiri. Saat ini, organisasi Jannah sedang melakukan pendampingan di beberapa desa yang terkena dampak langsung industri ekstraktif, baik kelapa sawit maupun pertambangan, di Bulungan, Kalimantan Utara.


Nonhle Mbuthuma (South Africa)

Nonhle is spokesperson of Amadiba Crisis Committee. Nonhla started her struggle early 1996, when an Australian mining company discovered titanium along the coast of her region. THeir demand is for land and environmental rights, to make sure that their human rights are not violated in the name of development. Amadiba Crisis Committee won two cases against the mining company, first is the Right to Say No case of 2018 at the High Court, where they were granted the right to decide. The second case was the right to access information. Currently, all the communities have the right to see mining applications before the mining companies start their work. Amadiba Crisis Committee was formed in 2007 and she has been spokesperson since then.

Nonhle Mbuthuma (Afrika Selatan)

Nonhle adalah juru bicara dari Amadiba Crisis Committee atau Komite Krisis Amadiba. Nonhle memulai perjuangannya di awal tahun 1996, ketika perusahaan tambang asal Australia menemukan titanium yang terkubur di sepanjang pantai wilayah tempat Nonhle tinggal. Tuntutan mereka adalah hak atas tanah dan lingkungan, untuk memastikan bahwa hak asasi mereka tidak dilanggar atas nama pembangunan. Komite Krisis Amadiba memenangkan dua kasus terhadap perusahaan tambang tersebut; pertama kasus Hak untuk Mengatakan Tidak tahun 2018 (Right to Say No Case of 2018) di Pengadilan Tinggi, dimana mereka diberikan hak untuk mengambil keputusan. Kasus kedua adalah hak untuk mengakses informasi. Saat ini, seluruh masyarakat memiliki hak untuk melihat aplikasi pertambangan sebelum perusahaan tambang mulai bekerja. Komite Krisis Amadiba dibentuk pada tahun 2007 dan Nonhle telah menjadi juru bicara sejak komite ini didirikan.

Bettina Cruz (Mexico)

Originally from Juchitán, Oaxaca, Bettina is a member of the Binniza People in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec region of the state of Oaxaca. She has a degree in Agricultural Engineering from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), a Master’s degree in Regional Rural Development from the Chapingo Autonomous University, and a PhD in Territorial Planning and Regional Development from the University of Barcelona. Since 2007, she has organized with other compañeras and compañeros to defend the communal lands in the region, an effort that today is known as the Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Defense of Land and Territory. The Assembly is resisting against well-financed projects of dispossession, such as the production of wind energy that has been imposed in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec with strong, harmful impacts on land and territory, and against the billing of high electricity rates in marginalized indigenous areas. Given the construction of logistical routes for the transportation of goods throughout the world, Bettina’s region is threatened by the implementation of the Transoceanic Corridor.

Bettina Cruz (Meksiko)

Berasal dari Juchitán, Oaxaca, Bettina adalah bagian dari ‘Orang Binniza,’ masyarakat adat yang bermukim di Tanah Genting Tehuantepec, di negara bagian Oaxaca, Meksiko. Bettina memiliki gelar di bidang Teknik Pertanian dari Universitas Otonomi Nasional Meksiko (UNAM), gelar Magister Pembangunan Pedesaan Regional dari Universitas Otonomi Chapingo, dan gelar PhD Perencanaan Wilayah dan Pembangunan Regional dari Universitas Barcelona. Sejak 2007, ia bergerak bersama compañeras dan compañeros (partner) lainnya untuk mempertahankan tanah komunal di wilayah tersebut, sebuah upaya yang sekarang dikenal dengan nama ‘Majelis Masyarakat Adat Tanah Genting Tehuantepec untuk Pertahanan Tanah dan Wilayah.’ Majelis ini menolak proyek-proyek perampasan bernilai besar, seperti produksi energi angin yang telah dilakukan di Tanah Genting Tehuantepec, yang ternyata memiliki dampak berbahaya bagi tanah dan wilayah mereka. Majelis juga menentang penagihan tarif listrik yang tinggi di daerah adat yang terpinggirkan. Sehubungan dengan rencana pembangunan jalur logistik dunia, wilayah Bettina (yang dianggap strategis) terancam dirusak oleh inisiatif pembangunan ‘Transoceanic Corridor’.

Laura Zúñiga (Honduras)

Laura Zúñiga Cáceres is the daughter of Berta Cáceres and a COPINH activist. Since her teenage years, she has participated in the organization’s youth, communication, and popular education areas. After the coup d’état in Honduras, she had to migrate to Argentina where she participated in youth and feminist movements. Currently she is in Honduras where she continues the struggle, together with COPINH, for justice for Berta Cáceres and the Lenca people.

Laura Zúñiga (Honduras)

Laura Zúñiga Cáceres adalah putri Berta Cáceres (aktivis lingkungan Honduras yang dibunuh pada tahun 2016) dan aktivis COPINH. Sejak masa remajanya, Laura aktif berpartisipasi dalam bidang organisasi kepemudaan, komunikasi, dan pendidikan populer. Setelah kudeta yang terjadi di Honduras, Laura harus pindah ke Argentina, tetapi ia tetap aktif berpartisipasi dalam gerakan pemuda dan feminis. Saat ini Laura sedang berada di Honduras, dan melanjutkan perjuangannya bersama COPINH dalam menuntut keadilan bagi Berta Cáceres dan orang Lenca.